Nowadays, travelling to exciting destinations around the world is easier than ever. After all, you're rarely more than a ﬂ ight or train ride away. However, some incredible adventurers had to pave the way for us to get to this point and heaps of amazing female explorers played a huge role. These women did everything from breaking records, to paving the way for future female explorers to have their own adventures.
Valentina Tereshkova: This Russian adventurer is the ﬁrst woman to have travelled to space. She completed a solo mission, on board the Vostok 6 on the 16 June 1963. At 26 years old, this also made her the youngest woman to complete the incredible achievement. During the mission, she spent almost three days in space and orbited Earth 48 times. What's even more impressive is that Valentina wasn't a pilot but it was her extensive parachuting experience which made her ideal for the job.
Bessie Coleman: The ﬁrst African American woman to take to the skies, throughout her life she fought against discrimination and continued to stand up for her beliefs. Living in the USA in the 1910s, she applied to ﬂ ight schools to become a pilot but was constantly rejected for being both African American and a woman. When she learned that she could ﬂy in France, she began to take French classes so she could apply and it worked, as she was accepted into a French ﬂight school and earned her licence in 1921. After that, her career soared. Renowned for performing daring tricks, she earned nicknames such as Brave Bessie and Queen Bess, while she used her tours and shows to encourage other women to ﬂy.
Amelia Earhart: You may know Amelia Earhart as the famous pilot who disappeared during a ﬂight over the Paciﬁc Ocean but there's so much more to this pioneer. For a start, she was the ﬁrst female aviator to ﬂy solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Then there are the various speed records and altitude records she kept breaking throughout her career including beating her own records. When she wasn't ﬂying, she was picking up plenty more accolades including a stint as the aviation editor of Cosmopolitan magazine and formed the Ninety Nines, a women's aviation club where she was elected president.